How to Conduct Cognitive Interviews in Times of COVID-19

The outbreak of COVID-19 has created new challenges for face-to-face research activities, including conducting in-person cognitive interviews. The first lockdown in Germany in mid-March 2020 coincided with the preparation phase of a pretest that we planned to conduct face-to-face in our pretest lab in Mannheim. Since we were no longer

What to do when survey data is not available or not trustworthy? An application of novel ecological inference techniques to the Carinthian Plebiscite of 1920

Ecological inference techniques, as advocated and codified by Gary King, provide a way forward when survey data is biased or unavailable and researchers need to infer individual behavior from contextual data. The historical 1920 Carinthian plebiscite provides an ideal-typical application: it was organized to decide whether an ethnically and linguistically